Apprenticeship is an open-ended employment contract aimed at youth training and employment, governed by Legislative Decree 15 June 2015, n. 81 and subsequent amendments (articles 41-47).
It is divided into three types:
The first and second types of apprenticeship pathways aim to ensure that, after graduation, their students have gained significant work experience in real-life conditions. ‘Work-based training’, i.e. the training system applied in technical colleges, has proven particularly effective in practice as a large number of students continue to work as employees in their previous training posts after graduation.
The main benefits for companies that hire with the apprenticeship contract are:
the apprentice is not relevant for the purposes of reaching the numerical limits taken into consideration by laws and collective agreements for the application of specific regulations or institutes.
In addition, for first-level apprenticeship contracts for vocational qualification and diploma, upper secondary education diploma and certificate of higher technical specialization, stipulated in the year 2022, a 100 percent contribution relief is granted to employers employing up to 9 employees with reference to the contribution for the periods accrued in the first 3 years of the contract (Art. 1, paragraph 645, Budget Law 2022).