Description of the occupation

The IT security expert works independently, with direct responsibility, in order to ensure the protection of the systems against possible threats and operational criticalities. As such, it tests the security of systems against intrusions, viruses and intentional or environmental threats, the recoverability of data and operations following accidents or malfunctions and the correct encryption and encryption function; he/she tests and corrects bugs and flaws, developing adequate preventive measures; he/she designs and supervises training for system users on good practices for information security.

Personal traits and competences

The IT security expert has the following competences:

  • Hardware and software architecture of digital systems
  • Methods of analyzing security risks and identifying vulnerabilities for the security of computer systems
  • Methods of analysis of strengths and weaknesses in relation to security and data protection needs
  • Theoretical foundations of information systems security
  • Methods for evaluating the security risks related to the hardware and software components of the system
  • Evaluation methods of security risks related to the components of the information system dedicated to networking (protocols, connections, network equipment)


Despite being very technical, this field of employment still values a series of transversal personality traits, such as: curiosity, desire to learn, empathy, personal ethic and moral code.

Technical knowledge and skills

Upon graduating, the ITSE is able to:

Employment prospects

Employment of information security analysts is projected to grow 35 percent from 2021 to 2031, much faster than the average for all. The IT security expert can work:

  • as a consultant in the IT sector
  • as an expert in a computer company
  • as an expert in a business company
  • as an expert in a financial company
  • as a freelancer


Working conditions

The IT security expert tends to work indoors with a computer, either individually or as a part of a broader IT team. Positions related to this occupational profile have more and more commonly the possibility to work remotely. If working in a company, IT security experts tend to work mainly in regular office hours but may need to be available in case of an emergency also outside of regular office hours.


Not required.

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